Minor burns damage only the top layers of the skin, making the area red and painful. They are often referred to as first-degree burns or superficial burns. They can be caused by contact with hot fluids or objects, steam, or sun exposure.
Minor burns can develop painful blisters if not treated timely. Many natural remedies can promote healing and minimize pain. Minor burns tend to heal within a few days or up to three weeks.
Here are the top 10 home remedies for minor burns.
You can stop the burning feeling from spreading by running cold water over the burn area for several minutes or longer depending on the burned area but do that within seconds of being burned.
You can also place a cold compress over the affected area if you can stand the pain.Repeat the remedy every few hours to relieve the discomfort. Do not use ice as it can restrict blood flow, which can eventually cause damage to the delicate tissues.
Aloe Vera has tissue-healing properties that can help in healing burns.
- Cut a small piece of the Aloe Vera leaf and apply the fresh gel directly on the burn,or
- You could also mix one teaspoon of Aloe Vera gel and turmeric, and then apply on the burned skin
If you do not have an Aloe Vera plant, you can apply a cream that has Aloe Vera as an ingredient.
Raw potato can treat minor skin burns due to its anti-irritating and soothing properties. It will reduce the chance of having blisters.
- Cut a slice of raw potato and rub it on the burn, making sure the juice from the potato is releasing over the area,or
- Grate a raw potato and apply it on the affected area for about 15 minutes
Coconut Oil & Lemon Juice
Coconut oil and lemon juice both can help treat a minor burn when it has cooled and dried. The richness of coconut oil with Vitamin E and fatty acids,offers anti-fungal, antioxidant and anti-bacterial benefits.
Lemon juice has acidic properties that naturally lighten the scars.
- Take coconut oil and add a little lemon juice to it
- Mix it properly and apply it on the affected area to facilitate healing
Black Tea Bags
The tannin acid in black tea can help draw heat out of a burn and thus reduce pain.
- Put three tea bags in a cup filled with warm water for a few minutes. Allow the solution to cool and then soak a clean cloth in it and place it on the affected area. Re-apply as needed.
- You can also put cold, wet tea bags directly on the burn
The antiseptic properties in vinegar can be very helpful in treating minor burns and preventing infection.
- Dilute white vinegar or apple cider vinegar in an equal amount of water. Use the solution to rinse the burned area.
- Cover the injured area with a cloth, soaked in diluted vinegar
- Replace the cloth with a fresh one every two to three hours
Honey can help in healing wounds and can help heal burns, thanks to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It also reduces the chances of developing hypertrophyc scars.
- Spread honey on a gauze bandage and put it directly on the burn
- Change the bandage three to four times a day
Lavender essential oil has both antiseptic and pain reducing properties as well as reducing the risk of scarring.
- Add five drops of lavender oil to two cups of water. Soak a clean cloth in it and use it as a compress several times. You can also apply lavender oil directly but using essential oils without diluting them is usually not recommended.
- Another option is to mix a few drops of lavender essential oil in two teaspoons of honey apply it on the affected area few times a day.
Onion juice has components like sulfur compounds and Quercetin that can relieve pain, help heal the burn and reduce the chance of blistering.
- Cut a fresh onion and apply the juice onto the burn. Only use freshly cut onions, as after a few minutes onions lose their medicinal properties.
- Repeat the process several times a day
Plantain leaves is a popular remedy for treating burns. Plantain leaves are rich in anti- inflammatory and antimicrobial properties.
- Crush some fresh plantain leaves to make a paste
- Spread it on the affected area and cover with a cotton cloth
- Reapply a fresh poultice when the plantain dries out
- Avoid applying oil, butter, petroleum jelly, or egg whites to a burn as it may trap the heat instead of drawing it out. Raw egg whites may also contain bacteria.
- Do not apply ice since it can slow the healing process
- If the wound develops blisters then don’t break the blisters as it may increase the risk of infection
- Do not use adhesive dressings on the wound
- Protect the burn from friction
- Avoid re-injuring or tanning the affected area
These remedies are only for minor and first-degree burns. For serious burns such as electrical and chemical ones, you must see a doctor for appropriate medical treatment.