How To Notice First Diabetes Symptoms

About Diabetes

Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is classed as a metabolism disorder. Metabolism refers to the way our bodies use digested food for energy and growth. Most of what we eat is broken down into glucose. Glucose is a form of sugar in the blood – it is the principal source of fuel for our bodies.

When our food is digested, the glucose makes its way into our bloodstream. Our cells use the glucose for energy and growth. However, glucose cannot enter our cells without insulin being present – insulin makes it possible for our cells to take in the glucose.

Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. After eating, the pancreas automatically releases an adequate quantity of insulin to move the glucose present in our blood into the cells, as soon as glucose enters the cells blood-glucose levels drop.

A person with diabetes has a condition in which the quantity of glucose in the blood is too elevated (hyperglycemia). This is because the body either does not produce enough insulin, produces no insulin, or has cells that do not respond properly to the insulin the pancreas produces. This results in too much glucose building up in the blood. This excess blood glucose eventually passes out of the body in urine. So, even though the blood has plenty of glucose, the cells are not getting it for their essential energy and growth requirements.

What Is Prediabetes?

The vast majority of patients with type 2 diabetes initially had prediabetes. Their blood glucose levels where higher than normal, but not high enough to merit a diabetes diagnosis. The cells in the body are becoming resistant to insulin.

Studies have indicated that even at the prediabetes stage, some damage to the circulatory system and the heart may already have occurred.

First Signs

The early symptoms can go unnoticed for months or years.In fact, 1 in 3 people with type 2 diabetes don’t know that they have it.

Most actually do experience the early signs, but they don’t realize or understand what they are.

Early detection and treatment can have a profound impact on your long-term health. A 3-year delay in diagnosis increases your relative risk of heart disease by 29%.

Patients with type 1 diabetes usually develop symptoms over a sudden, short period of time. The condition is often diagnosed in an emergency setting.

Type 2 diabetes on the other hand progresses quite slowly. Symptoms tend to come on gradually, which is why they are often overlooked. Some don’t experience any early symptoms at all.

 

symptoms-of-diabetes

Increased Urination

A significant increase in how often you urinate (Polyuria) is a tell-tale symptom of high blood sugar.As a point of reference, the average person pees 4 to 7 times in a 24-hour period.Waking up during the night to go, even though you already went right before bed, is a common red flag.

Why does this happen?

Your kidneys are working overtime to expel the excess sugar in your blood. Sugar that the kidneys are unable to absorb must be urinated out,therefore, high sugar levels leads to more urination.

Excessive Thirst

water

Drinking unusually large amounts of fluids throughout the day and even overnight is a glaring symptom.Intake can be something like 4 litres (1 gallon) or more per day. You can even start to feel thirsty immediately after you’ve just had a drink.The more you drink, the more you urinate, which feeds back into the excessive urination cycle.

Why does this happen?

This is the body’s response to increased urination. With all that extra fluid loss, you become very dry and thirsty.

Increased Hunger Feel

Diabetics have lost much of their ability to self-regulate blood sugar, which leads to significant fluctuations in blood sugar levels. When these levels plummet, the brain thinks it is starving and craves more sugar and calories.

Weight Loss

weight

Rapid and unintentional weight loss is a sign of diabetes. This could be anywhere from 5-10 kg (11-22 lbs) in a matter of weeks or months.This symptom is much more typical of those with type 1 diabetes, where sugar metabolism can shutdown very quickly.

 

Why does this happen?

Without new energy coming into the cells, the body is tricked into thinking you are in starvation. In order to provide energy, the body responds by breaking down protein in the muscle, which leads to muscle deterioration and the unexpected weight loss.

Fatigue And Weakness

Not properly managed diabetes, will leave you feeling lousy, tired and lazy.It can even be described as fatigue or extreme lethargy, where you are feeling too weak to do your regular everyday activities.

Why does this happen?

With sugar remaining in the blood rather than entering the cells for energy, you literally have less energy. The body is also expending additional energy to compensate for its irregular sugar levels. Kidneys in overdrive, coupled with regular sugar crashes and poor sleep (due to frequent urination) starts to take its toll.

Tingling Or Numbness In Hands Or Feet

A tingling or numb sensation in the body’s extremities,such as hands and feet, is a common early sign of diabetes.It tends to occur first thing in the morning after you wake up, and can even feel more like a burning sensation.

Why does this happen?

Sugar that lingers in the blood will begin to damage nerves and nerve-endings. Nerves that are furthest from the heart are not well repaired due to circulation problems.

Blurred Vision

Distorted or blurred vision, as well as commonly seeing ‘eye floaters’ is a common symptom of diabetes.Fortunately it is largely a reversible problem once the high blood sugar levels are corrected.

Why does this happen?

Excess glucose (sugar) in the blood pulls fluids out of your cells and tissue. This includes the lens of your eye, which can swell and alter its ability to focus.

Itchy Or Dry Skin

scratching

Overly itchy or irritated skin can be a sign of high sugar and hormone disruption (which is why it is the number 1 symptom of hypothyroidism).The skin may even darken around the armpits or neck, known as Acanthosis Nigricans.

Why does this happen?

Dry skin can be the result of poor circulation and/or excessive fluid loss from urinating too much. Darkening skin is to do with a hormonal change, namely insulin resistance.

Cuts And Wounds That Heal Hard

It is not uncommon for an individual with high blood sugars to get a bruise or cut that just does not heal.This is particularly common on the extremities that are furthest from the heart, like hands or feet.

Why does this happen?

Sugar lingering in the bloodstream begins to damage the arteries and veins, which restricts circulation. Blood is required to facilitate healing, so limited circulation to a wound or bruise will slow the healing process dramatically.

If you experience any of those early signs of diabetes, visit your GP to test your blood sugar levels.They can even do a non-invasive finger prick test first to get a general idea.

An early diagnosis can stop these temporary symptoms from becoming permanent so you can prevent as much as you can the illness to progress.

diab

 

Source:http://www.dietvsdisease.org

Source:http://www.medicalnewstoday.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

How To Protect From Hidden Dangers In A Public Pool

Hidden Dangers In Pools

Before you decide to go for a swim at the public pool, you may want to think twice about what you’re getting into and what dangers are lurking there.

There are so many health risks that you are not even aware of. Public swimming pools seems to be a playground of diseases that can infect and affect you and your family.

Why Is Chlorine Used For Pools

Chlorine is not so popular chemical, but unfortunately it is used. It has strange and strong odor, makes eyes red, can cause some allergic reactions to swimmers and the most important of all – it is linked to a cancer.  It can be absorbed through skin and too much exposure to it might lead to many other health issues.

Chlorine is used because:

  • It sanitizes (kills bacteria and germs)
  • It oxidizes (controls organic debris from perspiration and body oils)
  • It deters algae

But not everyone is fortunate to live near ocean or a lake, and instead they have to go to public pools treated with so many chemicals if they want to cool down on a hot summer day.

If you still want to go, at least try to :

  • Swim in an outdoor chlorinated pool
  • Shower immediately before and after swim with a natural soap
  • Drink plenty of non-chlorinated, filtered water to stay well hydrated
  • Shield your eyes while you swim to avoid eye redness
  • Change your wet suit immediately after swimming

public pool dangers

Why To Shower Immediately?

It is important to shower after swimming in a pool because our bodies generally contain residue of perfume, make-up, body lotion, shampoo and sunscreen.

And when chemicals used to disinfect the pool, mix with organic matter such as sweat, hair or urine, it can create a even more toxic agent and become one of many dangers coming towards us.

How Contaminated They Really Are?

The Centers for Control and Disease’s (CDC) revealed their discovery of high levels of fecal matter in indoor and outdoor pools which caused an alert for stronger reinforcement of public health and safety regulations.

Frequent pool visits can result in long-term chronic illnesses due to continuous exposure to disinfectants,which can  react with organic and inorganic material in the water to form disinfectant byproducts.

Many pool goers have unhealthy behavior of peeing in the  pool and put swimmers at risk from developing recreational water illnesses.

Also, poor practice of pool maintenance such as in-appropriate disinfectant and pH levels, will make swimmers and especially kids – sick.

A CDC report confirms that one in eight pools were shut down due to negligence of public health and safety regulations, with fecal matter being a common factor to it.

Human Diseases Developed From Public Pools

Unfortunately, our greatest pleasure can turn into a nightmare. Going to pools too often where chemicals presence are at high levels might lead to a certain type of diseases.

Asthma

Chlorine has been shown to increase the risk of developing asthma. The chlorine scent in pools causes lung irritation in swimmers because of the presence of chloramine byproducts. Chances are if you work as a lifeguard, you are at higher risk of developing asthma.

Legionnaire’s Disease

Water might facilitate transmission of bacteria and provoke lung disease called Legionnaires’ Disease which is similar to pneumonia.

The disease has a strong presence in indoor public swimming pools due to inhaling of bacteria in water vapor. According CDC ,it can grow naturally in warm water and most common at:

  • Showers and faucets
  • Hot tubs that aren’t drained after each use
  • Hot water tanks and heaters
  • Large plumbing systems
  • Decorative fountains and water features

Usually, most common symptoms are:

  • muscle aches
  • headaches
  • high fever
  • cough
  • shortness of breath

Who is at high risk developing this disease?

  • Current or former smokers
  • People over age of 50
  • People with chronic lung disease
  • People with weak immune system

Athlete’s Foot

Feet exposure in a swimming facility can increase the risk of getting the highly contagious athlete’s foot. Swimmers who have already acquired this disease, can easily spread the infection with the pieces of fungi that fall from their feet.

The National Health Service reports that most common places that you can catch fungi is at communal showers, swimming pools and changing rooms.

A helpful tip if you are frequent pool goer is to wear water-resistant shoes or flip-flops and especially avoid borrowing shoes from others.

dangers at public pools

Swimmer’s Ear

According to Mayo Clinic, if you get a bacteria infection to your ear after visiting a public pool, it might stay in your ear canal for long periods of time, where bacteria will grow and infect the skin.

If you have any these symptoms, there is a strong possibility that you might have a swimmer’s ear.

  • Itching in ear canal
  • Redness inside ear
  • Drainage of clear and odorless fluid
  • Increasing pain
  • Blockage of ear canal
  • Fever
  • Swelling on lymph nodes on the neck

Don’t wait to long to see a doctor and prevent this condition not to turn into more severe one.

Cancer

In a study published in Environmental Health Perspectives, researchers studied the effects of genotoxicity in swimmers and the link to the risk of cancer. Swimming for only 40 minutes in chlorinated pool can result in cancer-causing DNA mutations.

As you can see, dangers lurks all the time.

Final Word

What to say… our greatest pleasure during hot summer day might expose us to a major health risk where hidden dangers lives.

Still, follow the recommendations mentioned earlier in this text and prevent some damage as much as you can!

public pool

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How To Stop Overthinking And Gain More Control Over Thoughts

Why Overthinking?

Do you know that overthinking is keeping people back from living their lives they want to? Most of them are unaware of it. And why? Because they think too much.

They analyze  every single problem, even the smallest one and they tend to make it even bigger than it actually is. Usually overthinking is linked with a lack of ability to make decisions by questioning every single aspect to be sure that you are making the right decision or choice.

We all are overthinking aspects of life sometimes : regrets, decisions, our self-worth and we feel like we are stuck somewhere in the middle.

Of course that thinking over some things is beneficial, but when it goes out of proportion – it becomes a problem. It can be really exhausting and you have to find a way how to get out of it.

Don’t Question  So Much – Take Action

If you are thoroughly questioning yourself over doing something – don’t think 2 days, take an immediate action. It surely doesn’t mean you should jump right over, but take little time to think it over before final decision comes along.

Let say you want to go on a vacation and you are trying to find the best possible solution: travel, accommodation, food, luggage etc. While searching, you will find what serves your best interest. Don’t overdo researching, because you will find yourself overwhelmed by it and not being able to make final decision.

Why So Many Worries For The Future?

If you end up thinking all the time about your future, your (by default) negative mind, will create the worst possible scenarios there are.

Shift your thoughts. If you write a book-continue. If you are a painter-proceed with expanding your creativity through your hands, do some crafting or gardening, get outside… get the picture?

Switch to other thoughts and activities that will detour your mind and actions. It is the best way to avoid overthinking about things that are only in your imagination and maybe they won’t ever come true (speaking of negative patterns here).

Don’t get all upset over your new projects and stop jiggling your mind over your fear of failure. Just start up and see how it goes. Solve problems and take chances along the way.

overthinking

Set Short Time For Decision Making

If you don’t set a short time for your decision-making process, you’ll end up running around thoughts in your head – eternally.

  • Learn to become a short-term decision maker and train your mind to extract fast what is best for you from any occasion or situation occurred
  • Learn to choose fast but not foolish
  • Set deadlines in your daily life
  • For small decisions give yourself 30 sec
  • For larger decisions give yourself 30-45 min

You Can’t Control Everything

Even if you want to make a decision what’s best for you, you can’t possibly control and predict situations that might occur. And if you want to cover every aspect and lower the risk of making mistakes, you’ll just end up looking like a fool.

It is good for you to get out from your comfort zone and dive into the unknown. It is much challenging and it might lighten your adventure spirit a bit.

Don’t be afraid. Each one of us is making mistakes and no one is a Saint. Neither are you. You can’t predict every possible scenario there is.

If you still overthink, at least stick to positive scenarios outcome.

Live In Present Moment

When you overthink, you are always in the future. It is not a way to live thinking of events that haven’t occur, nor they ever will.

Live today. Live at present time. Past is gone, future hasn’t yet come, and present time is the only place where you create future and where you should stick to. I bet you’ve read this thousands of times, but it certainly is true.

How to reconnect with present time?

  • slow down in every aspect
  • say the words: I am…
  • observe thoughts, stop them and reconnect in present time

Don’t Hang Around With Over-thinkers

Being social with many people, plays a big role in your life. Each person have a different perspective of life, and being around people might get you influenced accidentally. Choose people who have more positive aspects of life and are not over-thinkers like yourself.

If you choose to stick with people with whom you have similarities with (especially at overthinking), you will find yourself in enchanted circle which will be hard to get out.

Do you want to stay in the mud or you want to release yourself from overthinking? Think again :)

overthinking

 

 

Are You An Introvert ? 9 Signs That Will Tell You!

What Is An Introvert?

Being an introvert is characterized by having a focus on internal feelings rather than on external sources of stimulation.

You may define it as a person who is avoiding socializing, it is reserved and would rather stay home and read, rather than go to a party and have fun.

But, there are many of them that are enjoying to socialize. You might be surprised how many “social birds” are quite introverts.

Other characteristics applied to introverts are:

  • they are highly sensitive persons
  • they avoid long phone talks
  • they are spiritual
  • they are over thinkers
  • they write better than speak

We have done a little research and we found 9 main characteristics that may define you as an introvert.

1.Too Many People Drain Your Energy

Have you ever felt exhausted by being around a lot of people? And do you by any chance interacting with too many people lower your energy levels? Do you often need a retreat and solitude to put yourself back together being only by yourself? If you answer is yes, then…probably you are one. An introvert.

Introverts usually are drained by lot of socializing, while extroverts charge their batteries when they are playing social butterflies. This certainly doesn’t mean that introverts avoid social events. They just don’t like them as much.

2.You Are Perfectly Fine Being By Yourself

As being an introvert, your idea of a having a good time is a quiet afternoon /or evening, to enjoy your hobbies and other interests.

You like a peaceful walk in nature, reading a good book or watching a good movie, and these are your ways that make you feel fully recharged and energized.

This doesn’t mean you want to be alone all the time. This is just your way of recharging. Being alone for a few hours I must say, isn’t such a bad idea. Even if you are not an introvert by definition, it really recharges you while enjoying the silence, calming your thoughts and emptying your mind. It is a good thing to do!

an introvert

3.You Have Few Close Friends

Introverts usually have few close friends they stick to and are close to. Instead of having a large line of people they know, they prefer to have deep, long-lasting relationships related to a great deal of closeness and intimacy.

If your social circle is small and you let only few people in your life to enter and to be close to you – yes, you might be an introvert.

4.You Are Quiet Person

Introverts are usually described as quiet persons who don’t speak much which defines them as shy persons. Indeed, some of them are shy, but others prefer not waste their words, time and energy on meaningless chit-chat. They don’t speak much, but when they do – their words tend to be powerful and with deep meaning.

They don’t want to waste any words over nothing and they carefully choose and use them.

5.Over-stimulation Leads You To a Distraction

When introverts spend time in hectic activities, they usually end up overwhelmed and without any focus. Extroverts are quite opposite, they tend to thrive in such hectic situations where is abundance of activity. The first ones end up drained, and the second ones blossom in such environment.

If you are feeling overwhelmed in this kind of social situations, most probably you tend to be an introvert.

6.Your Best Thinking Is When You Are By Yourself

Your creativity thrive when you are by yourself. The peace and quiet you seek are pushing you towards best results in everything you do. Having an opportunity to quietly reflect on a problem, usually leads towards best results. It is the way how you are functioning at your best.

7.You Are No Hand Raising Type

Have you noticed that since early childhood you were the last one who would raise a hand on question asked? Well, if you have stay that way, you are defined as a part of introverts group.

It doesn’t mean you know less than others – you just don’t feel a particular need to be in that spotlight. You don’t like spotlights. You are a “back office type” who leave others to lead and you follow but doing your own thing.

8.You Don’t Like Participation In Public Speech

When it comes to a public speech – you will avoid it like hell. You don’t want to publicly express your opinions and you rather share them behind the scene.

You are not comfortable being in “first row”, and you tend of withdrawing yourself from such situations as soon as possible.

9.You Avoid Tense Situations

You always avoid tense situations because you don’t like the energy released. You always try to stay away from them as much as possible.

Arguments are just not your thing. You are a believer of calm, grown up and peaceful conversation as a way of problem solving.

You don’t like “hot headed people” and you avoid them if any occur.

Your Advantage Of Being An Introvert

Being an introvert has many advantages. Enjoying your own company, being creative as much and avoiding small talk energy drainers – makes you a perfectly normal and sane person.

After all it isn’t so bad to be one… quiet people have the loudest minds

introvert

Coconut Water- How Good Is It For You?

What Is Coconut Water?

Coconut water is the liquid inside a young, green coconut which is usually harvested at 5-7 months of age, when it’s water levels are at its peak. It is a drink that has been consumed for centuries and it is believed it can treat many health conditions.

As it has gained much popularity in recent years, many people switched to using it.

Nutritional Values

Coconut water is low in calories and it makes it good for dietitians. It contains only 46 calories per cup, 10 gr of natural sugar, small amounts of protein and it is a fat-free drink.

The primary nutrient is potassium, making it to be high electrolyte beverage truly beneficial in re-hydration of the body. It is good alternative of water when it isn’t any around.

It also contains levels of :

  • Vitamin C
  • Thiamin
  • Riboflavin
  • Niacin
  • Vitamin B12
  • Vitamin 6
  • Folates
  • Pantothenic acid
  • Dietary fiber

And if you really like the flavor, it is pretty refreshing to consume it on a hot sunny day to help re-hydrate yourself.

Health Benefits

Coconut water seems to have a lot of health benefits which makes it most wanted hot summer day beverage.

Good Electrolyte Replacement

Since it is high in potassium it is a good electrolyte replacement. It re-hydrates well in possible emergency situations of dehydration.

Favorite Sports Drink

It is lower in carbohydrates than other sports drinks. It contains about 4.5% carbohydrates compared to other sports drinks, which sometimes can contain almost 6-8% of carbohydrate concentration.

This is good for athletes while watching their sugar intake and diet. For every single exerciser, coconut water is a great low-sugar hydration beverage after a good and sweaty workout.

coconut water

Lower Blood Pressure

Disproportional level of electrolytes can result in having a high blood pressure.High potassium content makes coconut water a great choice in prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

Good For Detox

Our bodies have natural ability to cleanse naturally on their own if they are provided with proper hydration. Not hydrating well leads to build up toxins and  possible health issues such as fatigue, irritability, confusion, and extreme thirst.

Recommended water intake is 8-10 cups of water per day to prevent dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Coconut water contains a similar electrolyte profile as human blood, which makes it to be an ideal beverage in replacement fluids and toxins removal from the body.

Stress Reliever

The presence of calcium and magnesium helps relieving muscles from tension. Putting ourselves to many diets that are missing critical minerals makes stress management challenging. Proper levels of calcium intake keep our muscles relaxed including our heart by minimizing the risk of heart attacks.

Magnesium (as being called the relaxation mineral), influence our nervous system and enhance production of serotonin(the happy hormone).

Both magnesium and calcium work together to help maintain muscle relaxation, and the good thing is that coconut water contains both of these minerals,so on a stressful day, treat yourself with this tropical water and stay calm and stress-free.

Improves Digestion

If you often experience difficulties in you digestion, coconut water may provide you with a relief. Since it has high concentration of fiber, it is great help in prevention of indigestion and reduces the occurrence of acid re-flux situations.

The Best Hangover Drink

If you sometimes overdo drinking, take some of this tropical “holly water”. It will replace essential electrolytes due to frequent urination and vomiting.

coconut water

How Much You Should Consume?

There are no rules regarding how much to use this drink, but experts suggest that you should consider maintaining an active lifestyle if you decide to consume large amounts of coconut water. Since 1 cup has 45 to 60 calories and high level of natural sugar, the calories should be burned accordingly.

The best are young and green ones, and stay clear of those that have a hard brown shell as this is an indication that they are mature.

Coconut Water Or Coconut Milk

Many people switch them thinking one is the other. Coconut milk is high in calories,thicker, sweeter, and has more dense taste. It is a rich source of potassium, manganese, magnesium, folate, calcium and selenium.

However, both are good for you. Their great taste and texture makes them a dairy substitute for baking and cooking purposes.

You should avoid coconut water with added flavors or sugar. The original content should be 100% of coconut water, with no added fruit juices, any artificial ingredients, or modifying it in any way.

And Final…

As coconut water has so many health benefits, you should consider adding it to your daily routine. Be careful when buying commercial coconut water brands as many of them might be lack the basic nutrients. Many brands have a significant amount of added sugar or preservatives that can modify the health benefits of this amazing treat.

However, whenever you get the chance – enjoy this amazing tropical drink.

Coconut Water & Pineapple Detox Juice

2 servings

Ingredients

  • 3 cups fresh pineapple chunks
  • ½ lime, peeled
  • 1 apple, sliced
  • 3 to 4 fresh mint leaves
  • 1 inch piece of ginger
  • 8-10 ounces coconut water

Preparation

  • Juice the apple, pineapple, lime and ginger
  • Stir in the coconut water
  • Add the mint leaves to a glass and slightly crush them with a spoon to release the essential oils
  • Add some ice cubes and top them with the pineapple coconut water
  • Garnish with a thin slice of lime

And enjoy!

coconut water