What Are The Symptoms Of Nutritional Deficiencies?
Many people are living with a nutrient deficiency without even knowing it. We usually react when we start noticing that something is wrong with our health.
The symptoms of a nutritional deficiency depend on which nutrient the body lacks. However, here are the most common symptoms nutrient deficiency and symptoms relates to:
- pallor (pale skin)
- trouble breathing
- unusual food cravings
- hair loss
- periods of light headedness
- feeling faint or fainting
- heart palpitations
- menstrual issues (such as missed periods or very heavy cycles)
- tingling and numbness of the joints
Your nutritional deficiency can be diagnosed during routine blood tests, including a complete blood count.
How Nutritional Deficiencies Are Treated?
The treatment for a nutritional deficiency depends on the type and the severity of the deficiency. Your doctor will find out how severe the deficiency is, as well as the long-term problems caused by the lack of nutrients. They may order further testing to see if there is any other damage before deciding on a treatment plan. Symptoms usually fade when the correct diet is followed or supplemented.
Types Of Nutritional Deficiency
Thinning Hair: Iron Deficiency
The most widespread nutritional deficiency worldwide is iron deficiency. Iron deficiency can lead to anemia, a blood disorder that causes fatigue, weakness, and a variety of other symptoms like thinning hair(low iron levels or anemia can actually lead to hair loss ).
Iron is found in foods such as dark leafy greens, red meat, and egg yolks. It helps your body make red blood cells. When you’re iron deficient, your body produces fewer red blood cells. They’re also less efficient at delivering oxygen to your tissues and organs.
Essential Fatty Acids Deficiency
This type of deficiency occur as white little bumps ,commonly found on the back of the arm and are often a result of an essential fatty acid imbalance(low levels of Omega 3 fatty acid).
Omega 3 reduce the inflammation of the bumps and help to dissolve build-up and prevent hardening within the hair follicle.
Headaches and(or) Muscle Cramps: Magnesium Deficiency
Magnesium is one of the most common mineral deficiencies. It is a powerful nutrient for nervous system function. It helps relax nerves and tense muscles, alleviate muscle cramping and headaches, and can help you fall asleep.
An easy way to get some magnesium is to add some green leafy veggies like kale or collard greens in your smoothies.
Acne: Zinc Deficiency
Acne is often a sign of zinc deficiency. Zinc controls the production of oil in the skin and adds color and brightness to the complexion.
Consuming just a quarter cup of raw pumpkin seeds provides just over half that recommended amount.
Dry or broken brittle hair and brittle nails: Biotin Deficiency
Biotin (vitamin B7) is the heart and soul of healthy hair. Since it’s an abundant mineral found in a variety of sources, biotin deficiencies are rare, but signs include hair loss, hair breakage, brittle hair, and even brittle nails.
Vitamin B-1 (Thiamine) Deficiency
Another common nutritional deficiency occurs with vitamin B-1, also known as thiamine. Thiamine is an important part of your nervous system. It also helps your body turn carbohydrates into energy as part of your metabolism.
Vitamin B-3 (Niacin) Deficiency
Vitamin B-3 (niacin) is another mineral that helps the body convert food into energy. A severe deficiency of niacin is often referred to as pellagra.
A lack of thiamine can result in weight loss and fatigue, as well as some cognitive symptoms such as confusion and short-term memory loss.
Thiamine deficiency can also lead to nerve and muscle damage and can affect the heart. Thiamine deficiency is most often seen in those who chronically abuse alcohol.
Symptoms of pellagra include diarrhea, dementia, and skin problems. You can usually treat it with a balanced diet and vitamin B-3 supplements.
Vitamin B-9 (Folate) Deficiency
Vitamin B-9, often referred to as folate.It helps the body in process of creation of red blood cells and produce DNA. It also helps brain development and nervous system functioning.
Folate is especially important for fetal development. It plays a crucial role in the formation of a developing child’s brain and spinal cord. Folate deficiency can lead to severe birth defects, growth problems, or anemia.
You can find folate in foods, including:
- beans and lentils
- fortified grain products
- citrus fruits
- leafy green vegetables
- meats such as poultry and pork
Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamin D is essential for healthy bones. It helps the body maintain the right levels of calcium in order to regulate the development of teeth and bones. A lack of this nutrient can lead to stunted or defective bone growth. Osteoporosis, caused by a lack of calcium and vitamin D, can lead to porous and fragile bones that break very easily.
Vitamin D is found naturally in only a few foods. Foods with vitamin D include:
- fish liver oils
- fatty fish
- egg yolks
Calcium helps your body to develop strong bones and teeth. It also helps your heart, nerves, and muscles work they way they should.
A calcium deficiency often doesn’t show symptoms right away, but it can lead to serious health problems over time. If you aren’t consuming enough calcium, your body will use the calcium from your bones instead, leading to bone loss.
The best sources of calcium are dairy products such as milk, yogurt, cheese, calcium-set tofu, and small fish with bones. Vegetables like kale and broccoli also have calcium, and many cereals and grains are calcium-fortified.
One more thing, before you decide to take some supplements on your own, you should consult a doctor.