When summer comes,usually children want to go outside and play all day long ,not even thinking that they are exposed on sun. It’s easy to forget that hot summer days can also be quite dangerous (especially when living in a country where some have to deal with cold temperatures many months most of the year). Summer safety is more then just making sure the kids have enough sunscreen on. It’s essential to help children, especially babies and toddlers safe from overheating.
These are couple of suggestions for kids heat safety tips for a fun and safe summer:
Sometimes it is so hot that it is better to stay indoors; hopefully some place where there is air-conditioning (perhaps go to a nice cool shopping mall, or the local library), or at least find a place with a good fan by a window (but remember fans just move air around, they do not actually cool the air). If you do go out, try to avoid direct sunlight and crowded places, take lots of breaks in the shade, and avoid going out during the hottest hours in the middle of the day.
Drink plenty of fluids
You should drink plenty of fluids including water. If your child refuses to drink water, try juice or a some kind of sport drink.It is better then not drinking anything. Breastfeeding babies will need extra liquid as well,therefore,moms should be drinking more as well! Drink breaks are important even if the kids are having fun in water. Being in water helps keep the body cool, but it will not replenish lost fluids.
Avoid extreme physical activities, even if it is just a really good time for play. If you can’t avoid high energy activities on hot days, just remember to take lots of breaks in the shades and drink lots of water, even if the child does not feel thirsty. At the first sign of distress, like feeling faint, nausea, have a rapid heart rate, feeling shortness of breath, or just feeling uncomfortable and unwell, it is best to just stop the activity and cool down immediately.
Wear light color clothes made from cotton or linen, loose fitting clothes and don’t forget the hat, and sunglasses and of course sunscreen.
And most importantly, NEVER leave a kid in an unattended car on a hot day. Actually never leave anything alive in an unattended car on a hot day. Even if the windows are open, and it is for a “short” period of time, it is just not a good idea. One study found when temperatures outside was above 35°C, it could get as hot as 65°C inside a car in just 15min.
Watch for these symptoms of various heat-related illnesses (from the Hospital for Sick Children):
|Symptoms of Dehydration||Symptoms of heat exhaustion (Not heat stroke, though if left untreated, may result in heat stroke)|
|– dry or sticky mouth
– low or no urine output
– concentrated urine (urine appears dark yellow)
– low or no tear production
|– normal or elevated body temperature (less than 40C)
– profuse sweating
– pale skin
– skin may be cool and moist
– fast, shallow breathing
– fast, weak pulse
– nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
– dizziness, weakness, or fainting
– heat cramps
|Severe dehydration (seek medical help)|
|– sunken eyes
– for infants: sunken soft spot (fontanelle)
– nausea or vomiting
– lethargy or coma
If the symptoms are not severe, that is, if your child is feeling just uncomfortable from the heat, get him or her out of the sun into the shade or somewhere cool. Get him or her to sit or lie down, rest, and drink some fluids. If needed, you can cool him or her down with some cool water, cold towels, or a fan. If the child does not appear better soon (an hour max), and if you notice behavioral changes like irrational behavior, confusion or disorientation, it is very important to go see a doctor immediately.
|Symptoms of Heat Stroke (heat stroke may be deadly, it is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect your child is suffering from heat stroke.)|
|– increase core body temperature (usually above 40C)
– central nervous system dysfunction – can exhibit as altered consciousness, seizures, confusion, emotional instability, or irrational behaviour
– nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
-dizziness or weakness
– hot and wet or dry skin
– increased heart rate
– fast breathing
You can enjoy the summer ,but wisely!